Full name, Gordon Meredith Lightfoot; born November 17, 1938, in Orillia, Ont., Canada; son of Gordon Meredith and Jessie Vick (Trill) Lightfoot; divorced; children: Fred, Ingrid. Education --Attended Westlake College of Music, 1958. Addresses: Office --c/o 1365 Yonge St., # 207, Toronto, Ont. M4T 2P7 Canada.
An eloquent composer, Gordon Lightfoot pens contemporary ballads that could easily be the envy of historic bards entrusted to record the world around them in all its beauty, harshness, and poignancy. Said Jack Batten, in the Toronto Globe and Mail, Lightfoot fills the role of "journalist, poet, historian, humorist, short-story teller, and folksy recollector of bygone days." From love songs to depictions of Canadian history and wilderness, Lightfoot's songs, many of which became virtual overnight standards ("If You Could Read My Mind," "Sundown," "Carefree Highway"), touch the listener on more levels and in more ways than most musicians could ever dream of.
Born in Orillia, Ontario, on November 17, 1938, Lightfoot displayed vocal ability early on, noticed by his mother, who encouraged him to sing before women's clubs and at Kiwanis festivals. Later he studied classical piano, performed in plays, operettas, and barbershop quartets, played drums and sang in a dance band, and, finally, taught himself the basics of folk guitar. At Westlake College in Los Angeles he studied orchestration, earning his living doing vocal arrangements, demo records, and commercial jingles. In 1960 his attention was captured by the growing folk movement. Encouraged by Canadian friend Ian Tyson (of Ian and Sylvia), Lightfoot pursued the guitar seriously. He wound up performing in coffee houses in eastern Canada, where his distinctive voice and compositions were first noticed by the public.
A number of Lightfoot's original works were covered throughout the 1960s by folk and country musicians including Peter, Paul and Mary, Judy Collins, and Johnny Cash, and he garnered a series of hit singles himself: "Remember Me," "I'm Not Saying," and "Black Day in July." Before success, though, he worked on a number of musical assignments including a stint on the Canadian television show "Country Hoedown." Of his experience he said in Canadian Composer, "I'm not particularly proud ... but it sure taught me a lot of things. I don't envy the kids who make it overnight.... There's no security in this business, but experience and training sure helps."
Lightfoot had written some seventy-five songs, most of which "didn't really mean anything," before he heard wordsmith Bob Dylan for the first time and had his viewpoint about composing changed dramatically. His work became more personal, reflecting his own identity. When he made his New York City debut in 1965, the New York Times praised his "rich, warm voice" and "dexterous guitar technique." Continued reporter Robert Shelton, "With a little more attention to stage personality, he should become quite popular."
The following year, United Artists released Lightfoot's first album, Lightfoot, and he was named Canada's top folksinger. In 1967 he moved into the position of top male vocalist, and in 1970 he was awarded Canada's Medal of Service, celebrating his positive general contribution to the good of Canada. After four more respectably selling albums, Lightfoot signed with Warner to record a number of albums on their Reprise label, including If You Could Read My Mind (originally released as Sit Down Young Stranger, which featured both title tracks as well as the melodic "Approaching Lavender"), Old Dan's Records, and Endless Wire. Several collections of Lightfoot's songs, including music and lyrics, were published by Warner Bros. Publications.
By 1976 Lightfoot had earned eight gold albums and one platinum album--for Sundown, the title track of which brought him considerable popularity in the United States. The album sold over 1,500,000 copies during its first year of release (1974), replacing If You Could Read My Mind as a favorite of fans and critics and eventually holding a place on both the rock and country music charts. One of his best-known songs, the haunting ballad "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald," in which Lightfoot sings of the fate of the ship and crew of an ore carrier sunk on Lake Superior in 1975, appeared on his 1976 release, Summertime Dream.
Despite having written over four hundred songs--a number of which received regular airplay--and having a number of best-selling albums and several Grammy Award nominations, Lightfoot did not score another Top 40 hit. In 1987, after a three-year hiatus from the recording industry, he returned with East of Midnight, the slickly produced pop ballad "Anything For Love," and a new stage show featuring more folk music. Contemplating retiring, Lightfoot told Maclean's, "When your albums aren't selling, it's not practical for a man to spend his life chained to a desk and to a recording studio. You have to grow up and realize that there is a new generation of recording artists out there." New artists can, however, cause problems.
In April of 1987, Lightfoot filed a lawsuit against Michael Masser, alleging that Masser's song "The Greatest Love of All" (recorded by Whitney Houston) stole twenty-four bars from Lightfoot's 1969 hit "If You Could Read My Mind." According to Maclean's, Lightfoot commented, "It really rubbed me the wrong way. I don't want the present-day generation to think that I stole my song from him." Unlikely, though Lightfoot himself has always remained cautious and questioning about the industry. Said Toronto promoter Bernie Fiedler, "I don't think Gordon realizes that he has a tremendous talent. When intelligentsia of the music business courted him, he felt threatened. He's a cautious man who won't take chances."
Lightfoot has been honored as Canada's top folksinger often, receiving the prestigious Juno Award sixteen times before being inducted into the country's Hall of Fame. "Gordie is completely original," said singer-songwriter Murray McLauchlan. "He can spin a great yarn--in the gothic sense--and write bittersweet ballads that are very poignant." Despite having traveled all across North America, Britain, Australia, and other places, Lightfoot remains an essentially private man granting few interviews and disliking having his picture taken. His troubadour image is enhanced by his reedy voice and his timeless, thought-provoking lyrics of life and love and sorrow. What Milton Okun observed in his book Something to Sing About remains true: "He seems to offer the sort of restrained self-composure so often seen in highly talented performers. He has no need to shout, because he feels he has something of musical and poetic validity to say." And Gordon Lightfoot has said it well.
by Meg Mac Donald
Gordon Lightfoot's Career
Began performing while a child; did vocal arrangements, demonstration records, and commercial jingles in Los Angeles while studying orchestration at Westlake College, 1958; singer, songwriter, guitarist, 1959--; began performing in coffee houses in eastern Canada; debuted in New York City, 1965; signed first recording contract, 1966.
Gordon Lightfoot's Awards
Winner of Canadian Juno Awards for top folk singer, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, and 1977, for top male vocalist, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, and 1974, and for composer of the year, 1972 and 1976; recipient of awards from ASCAP for songwriting, 1971, 1974, 1976, and 1977; decorated Order of Canada, 1970; "Sundown" named pop record of the year, 1974, by Music Operators of America; recipient of Vanier Award by Canadian Jaycees, 1977; named Canadian male recording artist of the decade (1970s), 1980; named to Juno Hall of Fame, 1986.
- Selective Works
- Lightfoot United Artists, 1966.
- Way I Feel United Artists, 1967.
- Did She Mention My Name United Artists, 1968.
- Back Here On Earth United Artists, 1969.
- Early Lightfoot United Artists, 1969.
- Sunday Concert United Artists, 1969.
- If You Could Read My Mind (originally released as Sit Down Young Stranger ), Reprise, 1970.
- Summerside of Life Reprise, 1971.
- Don Quixote Reprise, 1972.
- Old Dan's Records Reprise, 1972.
- Sundown Reprise, 1974.
- Cold on Shoulder Reprise, 1975.
- Gord's Gold Reprise, 1975.
- Early Morning Rain Sunset, 1976.
- Summertime Dream Reprise, 1976.
- Endless Wire Warner Bros., 1978.
- Dream Street Rose Warner Bros., 1980.
- Salute Warner Bros., 1983.
- East of Midnight Warner Bros., 1986.
- Gord's Gold, Volume II Warner Bros., 1989.
May 2004: Lightfoot's record, Harmony, was released. Source: Globe and Mail, May 13, 2004.
- Anderson, Christopher P., The Book of People, Putnam, 1981.
- Nite, Norm N., Rock On, Volume 2, Harper, 1978.
- Okun, Milton, Something to Sing About, Macmillan, 1968.
- Stambler, Irwin, Encyclopedia of Pop, Rock and Soul, St.
- Martin's, 1974.
- Maclean's, March 16, 1987.
- Globe and Mail (Toronto), May 4, 1970.
- Village Voice, February 14, 1974.
- Washington Post, December 27, 1974.
- Liner notes from album Gord's Gold, Reprise, 1975.