Born in 1911 near Oxford, England; married Lord John Barbirolli, 1939; occasionally performs under married name, Lady Evelyn Barbirolli.
A star oboist and patron of the Bardi Symphony Orchestra and Mananan International Festival of Music and the Arts, Evelyn Rothwell, who also performs under her married name Lady Evelyn Barbirolli, champions community, academic, and world outreaches in the arts. In addition to being an honorary member of the International Double Reed Society, national honorary member of Delta Omicron International Music Fraternity, vice president of the Elgar Society, Freeman of the City of London, President of the Colne Philharmonic Orchestra, she is an Officer of the Order of the British Empire and honorary fellow of the Royal College of Music. In a world-class career that has placed her before the most distinguished assemblies of musicians, she has distinguished herself as soloist, teacher, lecturer, transcriber and editor of musical scores, and author of oboe texts.
Born in 1911 near Oxford, England, Rothwell attended elementary school at Downe House near Newbury, Berkshire. Her parents chose the institution for its strong music program. Rothwell concentrated in piano and sang in the choir. After the school's orchestra director petitioned for a replacement for the oboist, she took up an old Besson oboe, which she described in an article reprinted on the International Double Reed Society (IDRS) website as "an appalling instrument." Because the faculty lacked a proper tutor, she taught herself to play using "all the music I could lay my hands on--piano, voice, violin music ... anything."
It was not until Rothwell entered the prestigious Royal College of Music in London that she seriously considered specializing in reed instruments. With a Louis oboe, she trained under English master oboist and coach Leon Goossens; her lessons began with scales accompanied on piano. Of the reeds she used, she credited Thomas Brearley, who made reeds for students and professionals until his death in the 1940s. In the IDRS website article, she commented: "Younger players were forced to make their own reeds sometimes without much success." An American Fulbright scholar, Whitney Tustin, taught her reed-making and introduced her to the Tabuteau scrape, which she adapted to her own needs.
As Rothwell's skill eclipsed that of her instructor, Goossens hired her out for stage musicals and between-act performances. Her break came from appointment to the Covent Garden opera touring orchestra under director John Barbirolli. Barbirolli later conducted the Scottish National Orchestra, with which Rothwell performed the Pergolesi Oboe Concerto in 1935. Her fame grew from a recording of J. S. Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in 1934 as well as from solo and principal oboe work for the Glyndebourne opera orchestra from 1934 to 1939 and principle work for the Sadler Wells Theatre orchestra in 1937 and 1938. Simultaneously, she joined the London Symphony Orchestra in 1934 and remained a member until 1939, when she married Barbirolli, a renowned musician 12 years her senior. In 1937 Barbirolli was invited to become the permanent conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra; his tenure there lasted seven seasons.
As wife of a renowned director of the New York Philharmonic, Rothwell shouldered an irregular list of musical and social duties. When the couple resettled in Manchester with Barbirolli's appointment as director of the Hallé Orchestra in 1943, Rothwell resumed performing while serving as her husband's secretary. Within a year, Rothwell was scheduling up to 270 concerts annually for herself and maintained the heavy load until age 59. Noted film score composer Alan Rawsthorne honored her by dedicating his Oboe Concerto to her in 1947. In 1949 Rothwell became Lady Barbirolli after her husband's knighting. Reverting to her own name in print, in 1952 she published Oboe Technique, a long-lived tutorial that discusses the three-stage breathing technique. According to Martin Schuring, a professor at Arizona State University, the technique involves the expansion of the stomach, then the chest, and finally the upper chest just below the neck.
At the height of her career in the late 1950s and 1960s, Rothwell received two signal honors: Walter Thomas Gaze Cooper dedicated the 1956 Concertino for Oboe and Strings Op. 78 to Rothwell, who performed it twice under Cooper's baton. Two years later, Edmund Rubbra composed his lyrical Sonata for Oboe and Piano in C Major for her. Rubbra and Rothwell debuted it in Cologne, then introduced it in London on October 17, 1958. She teamed with her husband before the Vancouver Symphony. For her solo work in the Haydn Oboe Concerto in C, American Record Guide critic John P. McKelvey proclaimed her "one of the finest woodwind players of the century, a musician not inferior in her own right to JB [John Barbirolli] himself."
Widowed in 1970 after Barbirolli's death from a heart attack following a long battle with cancer, Rothwell promoted the Sir John Barbirolli Memorial Fund while editing and arranging music and teaching oboe at the Royal Academy of Music and in her private studio in northwest London. Of her three-hour lessons, former pupil Jerold A. Sundet, in an article on the IDRS website, recalled her quick assessment of hand, breath, and playing faults as well as the quality of reeds. She undertook a concert tour of the United States in January of 1972 and scheduled a recital series in Scotland the next month, followed by solo appearances in England on the average of one every other day. That same year, Elizabeth Maconchy wrote Three Bagatelles for Oboe & Harpsichord or Piano in Rothwell's honor. In 1973 she completed a tour of Canada and wrote The Oboist's Companion, a definitive text on the instrument.
Rothwell's reputation has held steady into the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. In 1995 Argentinian reed player Gonzalo Xavier Ruiz identified her and Leon Goossens as England's most influential baroque oboists. At age 90, she led master classes at the Birmingham Conservatory's School of Instrumental Studies, and she continues to teach and perform.
by Mary Ellen Snodgrass
Evelyn Rothwell's Career
Began recording career, 1934; joined the London Symphony Orchestra, 1934; appointed to the Covent Garden opera touring orchestra, 1935; principle of the Sadler Wells Theatre orchestra, 1937-38; published Oboe Technique, the first in a series of definitive oboe study manuals, 1952; performed Edmund Rubbra's Sonata for Oboe and Piano in C Major in London, 1958; appointed professor of oboe, Royal Academy of Music, 1971; began leading master classes at Birmingham's Conservatory School of Instrumental Studies, 2001.
- Selected discography
- Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 , EMI, 1934.
- Those You Have Loved, Vol. 4 , EMI, 1994.
- Handel Favorites , EMI, 1996.
- Victoria de los Angeles--Baroque & Religious Arias , Testament, 1996.
- Bach: Brandenburg Concertos/Orchestral Suite , Pearl-Koch, 1997.
- The European Concert , Forlane, 1997.
- Corelli, Pergolesi, Cimarosa and Others , Dutton Laboratories, 1998.
- Vivaldi, Pachelbel, Clarke and Others , EMI, 1999.
- Oboe Concertos, Vol. 2 , Dutton Laboratories, 2000.
- Selected writings
- Oboe Technique , Oxford University Press, 1952.
- A Book of Scales for the Oboe , Oxford University Press, 1953.
- Orchestral Studies Selected and Edited by Evelyn Rothwell , Boosey & Hawkes, 1953.
- The Oboist's Companion: Lessons, Exercises, Music, Volume 1 , Oxford University Press, 1974.
- American Record Guide, March 1984, pp. 40-42; May-June 1992, p. 68; January-February 1999, pp. 249-43; July-August 1999, p. 290; September 2000.
- Baton Rouge Advocate, April 22, 2001.
- Continuo Magazine, October 16, 1995.
- Hampshire Chronicle, June 10, 1999.
- Leicester Mercury, October 1960; January 1963.
- Library Journal, September 15, 1984.
- Manchester Sounds, September 2001.
- "History of the Orchestra," Colne Philharmonic, http://www.colnephil.org.uk/orchestra.htm (December 10, 2001).
- "John Barbirolli," Find-a-Grave, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=19185 (December 10, 2001).
- "Lady Evelyn Barbirolli, 'The Companion to Oboists,'" International Double Reed Society, http://idrs.colorado.edu/publications/TWOboist/TWO.V4.1/barbirolli.html (December 10, 2001).
- "Music for Oboe," Hyperion, http://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/notes/55008.html (December 10, 2001).
- "Recordings and Sound Clips," The Polmear Ambache Duo, http://www.polmearambache.co.uk/records.htm (December 10, 2001).
- Records International, http://www.recordsinternational.com/index.html (December 10, 2001).
- "Some Thoughts on Breathing and Support," Martin Schuring-Arizona State University, http://www.public.asu.edu/~schuring/Oboe/air.html (January 6, 2002).
- "Time to Remember," Leicestershire Schools Symphony Orchestra, http://www.lsso.co.uk/timetoremember.html (December 10, 2001).