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Members include James Arnold (group member, 1950-84), first tenor; Aaron Bruce (group member, 1974-), second tenor; Frank Busseri, bass, baritone; Connie Codarini (group member, 1950-62), bass; Don Farrar (group member, 1984-), second tenor, lead tenor; Alan Sokolof (group member, 1979-), lead tenor, baritone; Bernie Toorish (group member, 1950-74), second tenor. Addresses: Record company--Collectables, P.O. Box 77, Narberth, PA 19072-0077.

Smooth and unpretentious, the Four Lads were major hitmakers during the years before rock 'n' roll became a dominant force. One of the era's many groups with "Four" in their name--including the Four Aces, the Four Coins, the Four Fellows, the Four Freshman--the Toronto natives were among Columbia Records' most valuable assets during the 1950s. Whether recording their own string of 28 chart records or singing behind such legendary figures as Johnnie Ray or Frankie Laine, the Four Lads executed their harmonies with a unique mix of youthful zeal, professional polish, and spirituality.

Bass (later baritone) singer Frank Busseri explained the group's vocal approach in an interview with Contemporary Musicians: "When we did our stuff, we tried to do it as one voice. In other words, we tried to feel the lyric like one person, not like it's four people, so that everybody would be in the same ballpark. We didn't make the harmonies too sophisticated, because there again it would cloud the melody and the lyric, and basically we kept it simple so people could understand it."

Jimmy Arnold, Busseri, Connie Codarini, and Bernie Toorish developed their smooth yet masculine blend at the St. Michael's Cathedral Choir School, where they received training in harmony and music theory. As the Four Dukes, they sang at various Toronto hotels when they weren't studying.

Busseri told Contemporary Musicians about the group's influences and how they got their big break. "We actually patterned ourselves after the Golden Gate Quartet--they were one of the popular spiritual groups of the day. That was our beginning, doing that kind of music--also the pop music of the day. Around 1948, '49, the Golden Gate Quartet came to Canada and we got to meet them and sing for them and they were quite impressed with our music. When they went back to New York, they told their manager about us and he asked us to do a demonstration record, which we did, and sent it to him. The next thing we knew he asked us if we wanted to come to New York and give it a shot."

Still in their teens, the quartet landed a try-out gig at a posh New York nightclub, Le Ruban Bleu. Noting that another group employed the Four Dukes moniker, club owner Julius Monk suggested that the new Canadian group become the Four Lads. Their youthful sparkle caused an instant sensation, and the Lads were held over for 30 consecutive weeks.

Backed the Cry Guy

While the Four Lads were at Le Ruban Bleu, Columbia Records' powerful producer and A&R (Artists and Repertoire) man Mitch Miller scouted them. Initially, the label honcho felt the boys weren't ready to record, but he changed his mind in 1951 and hired them as both session singers and a solo act.

The Four Lads were so well regarded by Columbia Records that they were actually given their choice of acts with whom they wanted to record. The first artist they chose was Johnnie Ray. Nicknamed "The Nabob of Sob," "The Prince of Wails," "Mr. Emotion," and "The Cry Guy," Ray caused a public sensation with his emotive style. Recording for Columbia's R&B subsidiary label Okeh, the quartet's tender background crooning--arranged by the Lads' own Bernie Toorish--made Ray's passionate, bluesy chanting palatable to pop audiences. As a result, "Cry" and "The Little White Cloud That Cried" became a two-sided smash in 1951.

Columbia quickly switched both Ray and the Lads to their main label, where the group backed the new pop sensation on such 1952 hits as "Please, Mr. Sun," "Here I Am Brokenhearted," and "What's the Use?" Ray's recordings helped open the doors for the white R&B/rock 'n' roll movement later in the decade, but according to Busseri, the Oregon-born wailer was oblivious to the cultural barricades he was smashing. "I think he was just involved in his style," Busseri recalled in the interview with Contemporary Musicians. "You know, they called him 'Mr. Emotion' and that's what he did, he emoted. He just did his thing and sang his songs the way he felt them. I don't think he categorized himself as a rhythm and blues singer or as [a] pop singer." Appreciative of the late singer's significance to their own careers, the Four Lads include a Johnnie Ray tribute in all their live performances today.

Mitch Miller Created Hit Formula

The Four Lads scored two minor hit records, "The Mocking Bird" in 1952 and "Somebody Loves Me" in 1953, before finding their signature sound. "Eventually, we did a song called 'Istanbul,'" Busseri explained to Contemporary Musicians. "Jimmy, who was the high tenor, he did sort of an obligatto and right away Mitch noticed that was a good sound for us. So, what we did was take the lead voice and put it on the top."

"Istanbul (Not Constantinople)" in 1953 and the bouncy South African rhythms of "Skokiaan" in 1954 established the fun-loving, rhythmic side of the group's musical personality and made them stars in their own right. Decades later, in 1990, eclectic rockers They Might Be Giants recorded a surprisingly faithful version of "Istanbul," which became a popular segment on the animated Tiny Toons Adventures.

Recording live in three-hour sessions, in a room with up to 50 musicians, the Four Lads all sang into one microphone. The expense of such a setup was enormous, so both Miller and the Four Lads were keen on preparation. Miller, best known today as the pointy-bearded host of television's Sing Along with Mitch, often used humor to accentuate his direction and relieve the pressure.

"Well, he was in the booth of course, and we would run the things down a few times and he would listen and then he might say, 'put a little bit more smile in your voice' or whatever," Busseri explained to Contemporary Musicians. "Diction was always a big thing with him. Sometimes if we weren't totally where he thought we should be, he'd come out in front of us and start stroking his beard--just to get us riled up. It was crazy.... But it was fun and we had a great deal of admiration for him. We listened to him and thank God we did because he was the guy who made us successful--there's no doubt about that."

Miller's keen ear for songs and knowledge of what the public wanted resulted in such million-selling Four Lads hits as the nostalgic "Moments to Remember" in 1955 and the sensuous "No, Not Much!" in 1956. Equally well remembered is their 1956 version of "Standing on the Corner (Watching All the Girls Go By)," from Frank Loesser's Broadway musical score for The Most Happy Fella. Busseri remembers that session particularly well: "Now, whenever we did anything from those types of composers, they would come to the sessions," Busseri recalled to Contemporary Musicians. "We always recorded at seven o'clock at night--that's when we liked to record, from seven to ten. So we had 'Standing on the Corner' and Mitch said, 'Let's run it down once.' So we ran it down. He said, 'Why don't we put one on tape?' This was around 7:05. We put it down on tape and Mitch says, 'Well, that's it.' We said, 'What do you mean "that's it"?' He said, 'That's it.' And in walks Frank Loesser and he says, 'Well, are we ready to start?' Mitch says, 'It's all over. Listen to this!' And that was it. We did one take and that was 'Standing on the Corner.' We had obviously captured the feel of the song that Mitch was looking for--and we felt happy with it too."

Rock 'n' Roll Eclipsed Their Style

At their peak, the Four Lads were the personification of the wholesome, clean-cut boy band. Constantly working in the studio, in clubs, and on television, the group somehow found time to sing mass at local churches wherever they were appearing. Even after dozens of hit records, the group continued backing other Columbia artists such as Frankie Laine, Johnnie Ray, Toni Arden, Brock Peters, and Jill Corey.

The quartet's popularity led to them hosting a 1955 summer replacement series for Perry Como--who once introduced them as the Four Aces--and appearing on dozens of other prime-time television shows. Although the group racked up top-ten hits with "Who Needs You" and "Put a Light in the Window" in 1957, and "There's Only One of You" in 1958, their chart clout waned as rock 'n' roll took hold of radio playlists.

Early in the rock revolution, Miller had offered the Lads a chance to cover the Chords' R&B-charting doo-wop classic "Sh-Boom." The group turned it down and got no argument from their producer, who detested rock 'n' roll. "Sh-Boom" ended up becoming a 1954 number-one record for the Lads' former classmates the Crew Cuts. Initially, Miller and the Four Lads' refusal to do rock-oriented material enhanced their respective popularity, but at the end of the decade neither were selling many records.

The Four Lads left Columbia in 1960. Still a popular live act, their LPs for Kapp, Dot, and United Artists were only modest sellers. The group maintained hopes for a chart comeback until they were blindsided by yet another musical phenomenon. "Well, after the Beatles hit we knew that the party was over," Busseri told Contemporary Musicians. "It was obvious. It was over as far as the recording studio was concerned. We made some records after that but nothing with any success. Not only that, but nobody wanted to record people like us--they wanted to do only rock. But we kept working, doing our thing, and singing to our audiences."

Still in Demand

Tired of the road, various members of the Four Lads began dropping out during the 1960s. Connie Codarini left in 1962 and was replaced by the versatile Don Farrar, who can and does sing many different parts depending on the availability of other members; today he is the lead singer. Toorish departed in 1974 to sing with the Vince Mastro Quartet in Ohio and was replaced by Aaron Bruce, who previously sang with big band orchestras led by Dick Jurgens and Jan Garber. Arnold didn't retire until 1984 when Alan Sokolof was hired. With Busseri the only remaining member of the original group, the Lads work as much as they want to, mostly in package shows with other performers from the same era.

by Ken Burke

The Four Lads's Career

Formed as the Four Dukes, in Toronto, Canada, 1949; renamed the Four Lads, recorded for Okeh label, sang back-up on Johnnie Ray's dual-sided Okeh hit "Cry" and "The Little White Cloud That Cried," 1951; recorded their own hit "The Mocking Bird" for Okeh, 1952; recorded with Columbia Records, 1953-60; recorded million-selling hit "Moments to Remember," 1955; recorded million-selling hit "No, Not Much!" and "Standing on the Corner," 1956; scored top-ten hits "Who Needs You," "Put a Light in the Window," 1957; released last top-ten pop hit "There's Only One of You," 1958; signed with Kapp Records, 1961; recorded for Dot, 1962; signed with United Artists, 1963.

The Four Lads's Awards

Induction, Juno Awards Hall of Fame (Canada), 1984.

Famous Works

Recent Updates

June 15, 2004: James F. Arnold, the original tenor of the group, died June 15, 2004, in Sacramento, California, of lung cancer. He was 72. Source: Entertainment Weekly, July 16, 2004, p. 24; New York Times, July 5, 2004, p. B7.

Further Reading



The Four Lads Lyrics

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almost 12 years ago

Oh My!! The memories. I met the four lads around 1970 (I think) when they appeared for the season at Cozy Morley's Club Avalon in North Wildwood, NJ. I was 14 years old. At that time, it was Bernie, Frank, Johnny & Sid. I fell in "love" with Johnny D'Arc. I was so excited when he asked me to babysit his two children when they came down to visit. If I remember correctly, they were there several seasons. I will always remember them. Jimmy had a son about my age and we used to "hang out" together. I would stand in the back of the club and watch their show EVERY NIGHT. Wow, that was over 40 years ago.

almost 13 years ago

I have been trying to locate his wife Penny.

almost 13 years ago

Dear Ken, thank you for your excellent work, but just to be accurate, when Connie Codarini left in 1962, he was replaced by my father, Johnny D'Arc, who recorded several albums with the Lads including Movie Songs of 1968, Songs of WWI and an album in Japanese, "The Four Lads in Japan," and he stayed with the group through the early 1980s... at that time, Don Farrar joined the group. Also, there were 3 replacements for Toorish before Aaron joined the group. For more on the Lads, check this link: https://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=376567207240

almost 14 years ago

I was a good friend of Connie for several years. I frequented his bar as much as I possibly could. Connie, Penny and I used to go have dinner together at other local restaurants. He was one of the most entertaining men that I had ever met in my life. His stories were wonderful and his drinks were even better. It was so entertaining to watch him and his wife bicker back and forth at the bar. I was devistated when the restaurant was sold. I lost touch with Connie after that but I hope that his short retirement to North Carolina was enjoyable for him. He will be missed. Rest in peace Connie.

almost 14 years ago

Jimmie Arnold was my father. This is a good article, but lots of holes, like most have. Johnny D-Arc joined in 1962, replacing Connie. He left the group in the mid - late 1970's. My father left in 1979. Don wasn't hired until the 1980's. And there are a few other singers who are missing off this list, but I can't remember their names now. The four original members reunited 3 times. Once to perform for the PBS special Moments to Remember, once for the Juno Awards in 1984, and the last time was in 2003, when they were inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame. It was my dad's last performance. Finally, Connie Codarini passed away last week, I believe of emphysema. I am still trying to get details.

almost 14 years ago

I loved the four Lads music in the late 50's "Standing on the Corner" and Moments to Remember" were my favorites. I met Connie at his restaurant (Pennys Poor House)he operated with his wife Penny in Northern Ohio. We went there at least once every year. Connie was the bartender and very entertaining. He would tell stories about the Four Lads and the food was great! He had strange rules: No cell phones, no children allowed. No "well done" steaks. He grew vegetables and herbs for the restaurant in the back yard and the Ice Cream served was always home made. I hated it when Pennys Poor House closed. Rest in Peace Connie. I was a great fan!!

over 14 years ago

Please, can somebody help me, I am trying to find, I Wonder, I Wonder,I Wonder, by the Four Lads in the early to middle Fifties

almost 15 years ago

back in the early 50s my parents would play a 78rpm of the four lads singing iam sticking with you,and the flip side round and round,iam sticking with you, gave credit to(bowen-knox,i have not been able to find the four lads singing it in the list of songs they sang,i still have there 78,if not why not!.

about 15 years ago

I met Jimmy in 1960 when they played at the Holiday Hotel in Reno, NV. Am so sorry to learn he passed away. I really liked him and also all the Lads.

over 15 years ago

where do i begin. i became aware of the four lads as a teenager in the early fifties. turn back, take me back, and the mocking bird became my favorites. i have recently started buying four lads cds. i had many of these albums on vinal. my wish is to have the complete works of the original four lads. just listening to the music brings back many fond memories of my youth. thank you.

over 15 years ago

I'm looking for Connie. He was my neighbor in 1969 East 65th & 1st Ave, NYC. We were friends ......met on the fire escape <grin>. I just want to know he's okay...maybe a picture of him and his son. We went to my farm in NJ hunting holly for Christmas decorations (with George Segal and his son). Thanks oddygoddygo@comcast.net 239-810-1331

over 15 years ago

Thank you for mentioning it Dennis. You're right. My dad stayed with the Lads for 19 years and made many contributions to their stage act that are still used today. We were all pretty low key about his accomplishments with the group until his sudden death in 1999 at the age of 60. Now I try to make sure he gets mentioned as often as possible.

almost 16 years ago

i am looking for goona goona by the four lads

about 16 years ago

a song called "the chosen few" was recorded by Dion with backup Timberlanes. see: www.classicbands.com/dion.html

about 16 years ago

I am looking for an old song 50's or very early 60's named "The Chosen Few" and for some reason I thought the Four Lads sang it. I can't find it and was hoping someone could help. thanks.

about 16 years ago

In 1962, Johnny D'Arc had joined the band but there is very little mention of him in most articles about the Lads.